French For Beginners
par Olivier Malet


Chapter Twenty-Eight


Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 25
Chapter 26
Chapter 27
Chapter 28





A reflexive (or pronominal) verb expresses an action done to oneself :

He killed himself, I wash myself etc..

In French the reflexive pronouns are placed before the verb and not after like in English:

For instance if we use the TYPE I verb ‘lavez’ (wash) we can use it reflexively thus:

Je me lave : I (myself) wash
I wash myself

Tu te laves
You wash yourself

Il, elle se lave
He, She washes himself/herself

Ils, elles se lavent
They wash themselves

Nous nous lavons
We wash ourselves

Vous vous lavez
You wash yourself

In the sequences Je me & tu te the unstable ‘e’ of ‘me’ & ‘te’ is not pronounced

Attention : For the imperative we will use tonic pronouns (me, you, us) :

Lave-toi! Wash yourself!

Lavez-vous! Wash yourself!

Lavons-nous! Let’s wash ourselves!

If the verb starts with a vowel the ‘e’ of the reflexive pronouns me, te, se is removed:

Je m’habille I get dressed

Tu t’habilles you get dressed

Il / elle s’habille he/she gets dressed

Ils / elles s’habillent they get dressed

Nous nous habillons we get dressed

Vous vous habillez you get dressed

Habille-toi! Get dressed!

Habillez-vous! Get dressed!

Habillons-nous! Let’s get dressed!

In French we don’t say ‘my name is’ but rather : I call myself.

Je m’appelle Olivier

Nous nous appelons…

Tu t’appelles …

Vous vous appelez…

Il, elle s’appelle…

Ils, elles, s’appellent…

Vous vous appelez comment ?
What’s your name?

Comment est-ce que vous vous appelez?
How do you call yourself?


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